NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ813500
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
ISSN: ISSN-1090-8811
Learning by Viewing versus Learning by Doing: Evidence-Based Guidelines for Principled Learning Environments
Clark, Ruth Colvin; Mayer, Richard E.
Performance Improvement, v47 n9 p5-13 Oct 2008
A learner-centered approach is a central feature of instruction based on a constructivist learning model. However, there is some confusion regarding the requirement for behavioral activity as a prerequisite for a learner-centered environment. We offer evidence in this article that some types of behavioral activity can interfere with cognitive learning processes. We recommend that instructional professionals focus on cognitive activity and summarize evidence-based methods that support appropriate cognitive activity in behaviorally passive and active learning environments. (Contains 1 exhibit, 5 figures, and 2 tables.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Subscription Department, 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A