ERIC Number: EJ813461
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Children's Skin Conductance Reactivity as a Mechanism of Risk in the Context of Parental Depressive Symptoms
Cummings, E. Mark; El-Sheikh, Mona; Kouros, Chrystyna D.; Keller, Peggy S.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v48 n5 p436-445 May 2007
Background: Children's physiological reactivity was examined as a moderator of relations between parental dysphoria and child adjustment problems, addressing gaps in the study of child characteristics as risk processes. Method: One hundred fifty-seven children (86 boys, 71 girls) were assessed twice over a two-year interval. Skin conductance level reactivity (SCLR) to inter-adult argument and problem-solving tasks was observed. Results: SCLR moderated longitudinal predictions of children's internalizing, externalizing and social adjustment problems, especially for paternal rather than maternal dysphoria. Higher SCLR predicted greater vulnerability to parental depressive symptomatology. Conclusions: Findings highlight that individual differences in children's physiological reactivity may relate to risk for adjustment problems in the context of parental depressive symptoms.
Descriptors: Social Adjustment, Depression (Psychology), Children, Risk, Physiology, Parent Child Relationship, Problem Solving, Measures (Individuals), Individual Differences, Prediction, Longitudinal Studies, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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