ERIC Number: EJ813253
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Research Review: Can We Justify the Widespread Dissemination of Universal, School-Based Interventions for the Prevention of Depression among Children and Adolescents?
Spence, Susan H.; Shortt, Alison L.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v48 n6 p526-542 Jun 2007
This review examines the evidence concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of universal, school-based interventions designed to prevent the development of depression in children and adolescents. It evaluates the outcomes of research in relation to standards of evidence specified by the Society for Prevention Research (Flay et al., 2005). The limited evidence available brings into doubt the efficacy and effectiveness of current universal, school-based approaches to the prevention of depression, suggesting that the widespread dissemination of such interventions would be premature. Relatively brief programs, that focus specifically on enhancing individual skills and characteristics of the individual in the absence of environmental change, may be insufficient to produce lasting effects in the prevention of depression among children and adolescents.
Descriptors: Prevention, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Intervention, Children, Counseling Effectiveness, Individual Development, Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A