ERIC Number: EJ813251
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Which Better Predicts Conduct Problems? The Relationship of Trajectories of Conduct Problems with ODD and ADHD Symptoms from Childhood into Adolescence
van Lier, Pol A. C.; van der Ende, Jan; Koot, Hans M.; Verhulst, Frank C.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v48 n6 p601-608 Jun 2007
Background: To assess the co-occurrence in deviant trajectories of parent-rated symptoms of conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from age 4 to 18 years old in a general population sample of Dutch children. Methods: Developmental trajectories of CD, ODD, and ADHD were estimated in a sample of 1,016 males and 1,060 females. Children's disruptive problem behaviors were rated at 5 time-points. The co-occurrence patterns between the deviant CD trajectory, and the high ODD and high ADHD trajectory were studied for males and females separately. Results: Four percent of males and 2% of females followed a deviant CD trajectory. Six percent of the sample followed a high ODD trajectory, and 5% a high ADHD trajectory. Engagement in the deviant CD trajectory was predicted by ODD and ADHD in females, but only by ODD in males. Conclusions: Although ADHD co-occurs with CD, the association between ADHD and CD is largely accounted for by accompanying ODD. Gender differences should be taken into account in understanding the onset of CD.
Descriptors: Females, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Gender Differences, Males, Prediction, Parents, Children, Foreign Countries, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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