ERIC Number: EJ813250
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
When Prototypes Are Not Best: Judgments Made by Children with Autism
Molesworth, Catherine J.; Bowler, Dermot M.; Hampton, James A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n9 p1721-1730 Oct 2008
The current study used a factorial comparison experimental design to investigate conflicting findings on prototype effects shown by children with autism (Klinger and Dawson, "Dev Psychopathol" 13:111-124, 2001; Molesworth et al., "J Child Psychol Psychiatry" 46:661-672, 2005). The aim was to see whether children with high-functioning autism could demonstrate prototype effects via categorization responses and whether failure to do so was related to difficulty understanding ambiguous task demands. Two thirds of the autism group did show an effect. The remainder, a sub-group defined by performance on a control task, did not. The discussion focuses on the influence of heterogeneity within the autism group and the ability to resolve ambiguity on task performance. Finally, an alternative experimental design is recommended for further research into these issues.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A