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ERIC Number: EJ813152
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0361-476X
The Influence of Self-Efficacy and Metacognitive Prompting on Math Problem-Solving Efficiency
Hoffman, Bobby; Spatariu, Alexandru
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v33 n4 p875-893 Oct 2008
A regression design was used to test the unique and interactive effects of self-efficacy beliefs and metacognitive prompting on solving mental multiplication problems while controlling for mathematical background knowledge and problem complexity. Problem-solving accuracy, response time, and efficiency (i.e. the ratio of problems solved correctly to time) were measured. Students completed a mathematical background inventory and then assessed their self-efficacy for mental multiplication accuracy. Before solving a series of multiplication problems, participants were randomly assigned to either a prompting or control group. We tested the "motivational efficiency hypothesis", which predicted that motivational beliefs, such as self-efficacy and attributions to metacognitive strategy use are related to more efficient problem solving. Findings suggested that self-efficacy and metacognitive prompting increased problem-solving performance and efficiency separately through activation of reflection and strategy knowledge. Educational implications and future research are suggested. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A