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ERIC Number: EJ813072
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0191-491X
Lessons Learned from the Use of Randomized and Quasi-Experimental Field Designs for the Evaluation of Educational Programs
Rudd, Andy; Johnson, R. Burke
Studies in Educational Evaluation, v34 n3 p180-188 Sep 2008
As a result of the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2002, the field of education has seen a heavy emphasis on the use of "scientifically based research" for designing and testing the effectiveness of new and existing educational programs. According to NCLB, when addressing basic cause and effect questions scientifically based research ultimately involves the testing of causal hypotheses through the use of experimental and quasi-experimental designs with a strong preference toward experimental designs with random assignment [e.g., Berliner, D. C. (2002). Educational research: The hardest science of all. "Educational Researcher, 31"(8), 18-20; Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy. (2005). Available at http://www.excelgov.org; Eisenhart, M., & Towne, L. (2003). Contestation and change in national policy on "scientifically based" education research. "Educational Researcher, 32"(7) 31-38]. Randomized experimental designs are sometimes abbreviated in education and evaluation as RCTs based on the medical or epidemiological model (i.e., for randomized clinical/controlled trials), and they are sometimes called randomized field trials [Shavelson, R. J., & Towne, L. (Eds.). (2003). "Scientific research in education". Washington, DC: National Academy].
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001