ERIC Number: EJ813034
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 13
The Bologna Process and the European Gain: Africa's Development Demise?
Shawa, Lester Brian
European Education, v40 n1 p97-106 Spr 2008
The Bologna process is a fundamental restructuring of higher education in Europe, of which the introduction of three cycles: bachelor's, master's and doctorate, in lieu of the traditional long program is the single most important feature. Its objectives are to increase the employability of European citizens and the competitiveness and attractiveness of European higher education by enhancing the comparability and compatibility of higher education structures and degrees in Europe. The achievement of the Bologna endeavor requires resources. Unlike in Europe, which is better endowed with resources, African universities lack resources and properly delineated quality parameters to ensure quality university education. These factors will exacerbate the brain drain of African scholars to Europe and eventually frustrate Africa's development initiatives as outlined in the New Economic Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). In this article, the author suggests that there is a need for Africa in collaboration with the developed countries to devise policies that could assist in retention of its highly trained personnel or facilitate remittances from host countries.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Developed Nations, Brain Drain, International Cooperation, Employment Potential, Educational Change, Financial Support, Developing Nations, Educational Policy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa