ERIC Number: EJ812901
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Continuity of Behavioral and Emotional Problems from Pre-School Years to Pre-Adolescence in a Developing Country
Anselmi, Luciana; Barros, Fernando C.; Teodoro, Maycoln L. M.; Piccinini, Cesar A.; Menezes, Ana Maria B.; Araujo, Cora L.; Rohde, Luis A.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v49 n5 p499-507 May 2008
Background: All previous longitudinal community studies assessing the continuity of child behavioral/emotional problems were conducted in developed countries. Method: Six hundred and one children randomly selected from a Brazilian birth cohort were evaluated for behavioral/emotional problems through mother interview at 4 and 12 years with the same standard procedure--Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Results: CBCL Total Problem score presented a "medium" stability (r = 0.42) with externalizing problems showing higher stability and more homotypic continuity than internalizing problems. Of the children presenting deviant scores at the age of 4, only 31% remained deviant at the age of 12 (p less than 0.001). A "deviant" CBCL Total Problem score at 12 years old was predicted by Rule-Breaking Behavior [OR = 7.46, 95% CI 2.76-20.19] and Social Problems [OR = 3.56, 95% CI 1.36-9.30] scores at 4 years of age. Either Rule-Breaking or Aggressive Behavior--externalizing syndromes--were part of the predictors for the three broad-band CBCL scores and six out of the eight CBCL syndromes. Conclusions: Behavioral/emotional problems in preschool children persist moderately up to pre-adolescence in a community sample. Externalizing problems at the age of 4 comprise the developmental history of most behavioral/emotional problems at pre-adolescence. Our findings concur with findings from developed countries and are quite similar for continuity, stability and predictability.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Social Problems, Emotional Problems, Aggression, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Developing Nations, Special Education, Behavior Problems, Longitudinal Studies, Interviews, Mothers, Age Differences, Interpersonal Competence, Children, Preadolescents
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist