ERIC Number: EJ812887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Infant Temperament, Parenting, and Externalizing Behavior in First Grade: A Test of the Differential Susceptibility Hypothesis
Bradley, Robert H.; Corwyn, Robert F.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v49 n2 p124-131 Feb 2008
Background: This study examines the differential susceptibility hypothesis as it pertains to relations between infant temperament, parenting, and behavior problems in first grade. Method: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used in a series of hierarchical regression analyses focused on interactions between three aspects of parenting (harshness, sensitivity, productive activity) and temperament as they affect teacher-reported externalizing behavior in first grade. Step #1 included family income-to-needs, maternal education, gender, life events, and amount of child care as control variables, plus infant temperament and the three parenting variables. Step #2 included a single interaction term, the interaction between one of the key parenting variables and child temperament. Results: Results showed stronger relations between maternal sensitivity and behavior problems for children with difficult temperaments. Likewise, relations between opportunities for productivity and behavior problems were stronger for children with difficult temperaments. Trends were in the same direction for harsh parenting but did not quite reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Having access to experiences that promote coping and build self-regulatory capacities seems particularly valuable for children with difficult temperaments.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A