ERIC Number: EJ812843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 66
Parental Emotion Socialization in Adolescence: Differences in Sex, Age and Problem Status
Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie; Brand, Ann E.; Zahn-Waxler, Carolyn; Usher, Barbara; Hastings, Paul D.; Kendziora, Kimberly; Garside, Rula B.
Social Development, v16 n2 p326-342 May 2007
There is a paucity of research on how mothers and fathers socialize emotion in their adolescent sons and daughters. This study was based on 220 adolescents (range 11- to 16-years-old) who exhibit a range of emotional and behavioral problems and their parents. Parental responses to their children's displays of sadness, anger and fear were assessed. Mothers were found to be more engaged in their children's emotional lives than were fathers. With a few important exceptions (e.g., boys were punished for expressions of anger more than girls), adolescent girls and boys were socialized in much the same way. Parents of older adolescents were generally less supportive and more punitive toward emotional displays. Systematic links between adolescent problem status and parent approaches to emotion socialization were found. These findings on how parents socialize emotions in their adolescents have important implications for theory as well as practice.
Descriptors: Socialization, Mothers, Daughters, Sons, Parent Child Relationship, Adolescents, Fathers, Psychological Patterns, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A