ERIC Number: EJ812740
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Childhood Obesity: An Overview
Reilly, John J.
Children & Society, v21 n5 p390-396 Sep 2007
This article reviews recent research evidence, largely from systematic reviews, on a number of aspects of childhood obesity: its definition and prevalence; consequences; causes and prevention. The basis of the body mass index (BMI) as a means of defining obesity in children and adolescents is discussed: a high BMI for age constitutes obesity. In recent years the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically across most of the world, and in the UK obesity prevalence is high and continuing to increase. Despite a widespread perception that obesity in childhood or adolescence is a cosmetic issue, the research evidence shows that it does matter to physical and psychological health and that there are adverse health risks for both the obese child and the adult who was obese as a child. Few interventions aimed at preventing or treating childhood obesity have been successful. There is an urgent need for more research on better strategies that will enable children and adolescents to make long-term changes to their dietary and physical activity behaviour in order to prevent obesity.
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities, Incidence, Adolescents, Literature Reviews, Etiology, Prevention, Child Health, Children, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Health Promotion, Life Style, Eating Habits, Dietetics, Physical Activity Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom