ERIC Number: EJ812634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Linking Structure, Process, and Outcome to Improve Group Home Services for Foster Youth in California
Green, Rex S.; Ellis, Peter T.
Evaluation and Program Planning, v30 n3 p307-317 Aug 2007
The California Youth Connection obtained funding from two foundations to evaluate the performance of group homes serving foster youth in Alameda County, California, in order to inform state policy-making. The evaluation team initially included 14 foster youth that personally experienced group home living. Three inter-related aspects of service were studied: structure, process, and client outcomes, specifically residents' increase in developmental assets leading to the ability to transition successfully to independent living by the age of 18 years. Data were collected at 32 group homes from 127 residents and 72 staff members using three questionnaires. Both structural and process aspects of services influenced residents' satisfaction with services. However, only the process of care predicted changes in residents' developmental assets. State-level regulatory agencies learned from these results that auditing only structural aspects of services was not sufficient to promote effective services. Further, one structure item and two process items were identified as less consistently occurring in the group homes: timely distribution of clothing allowances, healthy communication between staff and youth, and staff support of regular exercise for the residents. Focusing on these aspects of service first should promote more change in outcomes and satisfaction for foster youth residing in group homes. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Audits (Verification), Independent Living, Group Homes, Foster Care, Evaluation, Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California