ERIC Number: EJ812613
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Parent and Student Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environment and Its Association with Student Outcomes
Allen, Debra; Fraser, Barry J.
Learning Environments Research, v10 n1 p67-82 Jan 2007
This research is distinctive in that parents' perceptions were utilised in conjunction with students' perceptions in investigating science classroom learning environments among Grade 4 and 5 students in South Florida. The What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) questionnaire was modified for young students and their parents and administered to 520 students and 120 parents. Data analyses supported the WIHIC's factorial validity, internal consistency reliability and ability to differentiate between the perceptions of students in different classrooms. Both students and parents preferred a more positive classroom environment than the one perceived to be actually present, but effect sizes for actual-preferred differences were larger for parents than for students. Associations were found between some learning environment dimensions (especially task orientation) and student outcomes (especially attitudes). Qualitative methods suggested that students and parents were generally satisfied with the classroom environment, but that students would prefer more investigation while parents would prefer more teacher support. The study provides a pioneering look at how parents and students perceive the science learning environment and opens the way for further learning environment studies involving both parents and students.
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Reliability, Effect Size, Grade 4, Classroom Environment, Parent Attitudes, Science Instruction, Grade 5, Questionnaires, Student Surveys, Outcomes of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida