ERIC Number: EJ812577
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Do Social Policy Reforms Have Different Impacts on Employment and Welfare Use as Economic Conditions Change?
Herbst, Chris M.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v27 n4 p867-894 Fall 2008
This paper uses March Current Population Survey data from 1985 to 2004 to explore whether social policy reforms implemented throughout the 1990s have different impacts on employment and welfare use depending on economic conditions, a topic with important policy implications but which has received little attention from researchers. I find evidence that many reforms operate differently as labor market conditions fluctuate. Although social policies increase employment during economic slowdowns, the largest effects are generated in favorable labor market conditions. The impact of time limits, mandatory job search, and cash diversion programs are particularly sensitive to the macroeconomy, while the earned income tax credit is associated with similar employment effects in most environments. The results vary substantially across policy "carrots" and "sticks", levels of work intensity, and subsamples of single mothers, but a tentative conclusion is that a strong economy reinforces the positive incentives created by social policy reforms. (Contains 6 tables and 23 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Labor Market, Public Policy, Use Studies, Welfare Services, Economic Change, Policy Analysis, Employment Potential, Trend Analysis, National Surveys, Statistical Surveys, Demography, Predictor Variables, Macroeconomics, Schematic Studies, Social Planning
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A