ERIC Number: EJ811802
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Context-Specific Effects on Reciprocity in Mentoring Relationships: Ethical Implications
Shore, Wendelyn J.; Toyokawa, Teru; Anderson, Dana D.
Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, v16 n1 p17-29 Feb 2008
Reciprocity is fundamental to effective mentoring relationships. However, we argue that it is inappropriate, and perhaps unethical, to expect comparable levels of reciprocity in all mentoring relationships. Instead, contextual factors influence optimal levels of reciprocity. Foremost is the developmental stage of the protege, with less mature, relatively inexperienced proteges generally less capable of forming and maintaining a reciprocal relationship with their mentors than are more mature, relatively experienced proteges. We discuss three examples of contextual variables that can affect appropriate levels of reciprocity--the academic research apprenticeship, gender, and culture--and argue that mentors' expectations of reciprocity necessarily must be adjusted in order to achieve ethical mentoring within these contexts.
Descriptors: Mentors, Developmental Stages, Ethics, Reciprocal Teaching, Apprenticeships, Undergraduate Students, Higher Education, Cultural Differences, Cultural Context, College Faculty
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A