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ERIC Number: EJ811421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
ISSN: ISSN-1360-3116
Gender Discrimination and Education in West Africa: Strategies for Maintaining Girls in School
Tuwor, Theresa; Sossou, Marie-Antoinette
International Journal of Inclusive Education, v12 n4 p363-379 Jul 2008
Girls' enrolment in primary schools has achieved significant increase and parity with male enrolment in many countries in Africa since the 1960s. Some of these countries include Botswana, Namibia and Tanzania. However, in most Sub-Saharan African countries, female enrolment still lags behind male enrolment. This paper examines some of the reasons for the persistent gender gap between females and males in the three African countries of Ghana, Nigeria and Togo within the West Africa sub-region. It discusses gender relations, cultural practices such as early marriage, child slavery, and child fostering/trafficking, poverty and multiple household duties for girls as some of the contributing factors. It is argued that unless these cultural beliefs and attitudes are changed and mandatory measures such as holding parents accountable and responsible are put in place, gender parity and quality education for all, especially for females, will not be achieved in Africa. A number of additional strategies for improvement in school attendance and retention for females are also discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Ghana; Nigeria; Togo