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ERIC Number: EJ811355
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1472-9679
Norwegian "Friluftsliv" and Ideals of Becoming an "Educated Man"
Gurholt, Kirsti Pedersen
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, v8 n1 p55-70 Jun 2008
Norwegian "friluftsliv" or outdoor life is often identified as a "simple way of life" and as exemplary of green life-philosophy and environmental practices. This paper argues that "friluftsliv" must be conceptualized as a complex social phenomenon and an example of long-standing Western discourse linking ideas of nature, gender and education. The expression "friluftsliv" was created in the mid-nineteenth century at a time of upheaval and inscribed in contemporary genderized contexts of practice and discourse. Thus "friluftsliv" was seen to be a vital part of what it meant to be a (bourgeois) male in the new-born Norwegian nation state (1905). These were ideas expressed and confirmed frequently in various ways in the early twentieth century and become a taken-for-granted grounding of Norwegian culture and identity. The aim of the paper is to trace the origin and development of the ideas linking the mastering of "free" nature to ideals of male education and how these represent a contemporary contribution to themes, originated way back in European cultural history. (Contains 12 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway