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ERIC Number: EJ811349
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0968-7599
Beyond Normalization and Impairment: Theorizing Subjectivity in Learning Difficulties--Theory and Practice
Yates, Scott; Dyson, Simon; Hiles, Dave
Disability & Society, v23 n3 p247-258 May 2008
Normalization and social role valorization continue to play a central role in shaping debates and practice relating to learning difficulties. In the context of recent arguments this paper draws on the work of Foucault to deconstruct these theories. Foucault's work alerts us to a conceptual confusion at their heart which reproduces a common but problematic individual-society dualism. There is an implicit, and problematic, presence in the theories of a pre-social individual conceived as having essential impairments and who is passive in the face of negative socialization. We propose that Foucault's "ethical" domain of inquiry, with its concern for how people actively understand themselves and govern their conduct in relation to specific values and a "truth" that they are obliged to recognize in themselves, provides the basis for returning the individual-as-subject to theories in an active, critical manner.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)