ERIC Number: EJ811157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Perinatal HIV Prevention Opportunities for Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Women in California
Kropp, Rhonda Y.; Sarnquist, Clea C.; Montgomery, Elizabeth T.; Ruiz, Juan D.; Maldonado, Yvonne A.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v18 n5 p430-443 Oct 2006
Using a semi-structured survey and convenience sample of pregnant/recently delivered Hispanic (n = 453) and non-Hispanic (n = 904) women in four California counties, this study compared rates of timely prenatal care (PNC) initiation, HIV test counseling, test offering, and test acceptance in PNC between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. Hispanic women were less likely to report timely PNC initiation (69.3% vs. 80.4%, p less than 0.0001), receiving test offer (69.5% vs. 76.7%, p = 0.002), and ever having been tested (77.3% vs. 87.9%, p less than 0.0001) than non-Hispanic women. Hispanic women were more likely to report not knowing where to go (p = 0.04) and having no insurance (p less than 0.001), transportation (p = 0.001), and child care (p = 0.007) as reasons for late PNC start. Both Hispanic and non-Hispanic women most commonly accepted a test offer for their health/health of their baby; Hispanic women were more likely to accept based on doctor/nurse recommendation (80.1% vs. 62.7%, p less than 0.001). A quarter of Hispanic and non-Hispanic women reported they didn't feel they had a choice or that test was done automatically. Efforts to improve perinatal HIV prevention opportunities for all women in California are required. Furthermore, Hispanic women may have disparities in receipt of prenatal care and HIV test offer that need additional attention.
Descriptors: Prenatal Care, Females, Prevention, Counties, Hispanic Americans, Comparative Analysis, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Health Behavior, Surveys, Pregnancy, Access to Health Care, Counseling, Screening Tests, Racial Differences, Health Insurance, Barriers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California