NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ811087
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
The Chronological Development of Parent Empowerment in Children's Education in Hong Kong
Ng, Shun-wing
Asia Pacific Education Review, v8 n3 p487-499 Dec 2007
The decentralization of the power of school governance is one of the recent trends of educational development in a global society in which the notion of parents as stakeholders and partners of state education is being gradually recognized, albeit at different paces, in several Asian countries. This paper attempts to analyze the chronological development of parent empowerment in Hong Kong. By examining the education policy documents of Hong Kong in the last three decades and looking into related debates in education reforms, the author conceptualizes five phases of development of parent empowerment which include (1) the period of absolute quiescence and acquiescence; (2) the period of wakefulness of parents' rights and responsibilities, (3) the period of enhancing communication; (4) the period of accountability; and (5) the period of parents as partners.
Education Research Institute, Seoul National University. Department of Education, 599 Kwanak-Ro, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-748, South Korea. Tel: +82-2-880-5896; Fax: +82-2-889-6508; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong