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ERIC Number: EJ811080
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1076-898X
Effects of Scenery, Lighting, Glideslope, and Experience on Timing the Landing Flare
Palmisano, Stephen; Favelle, Simone; Sachtler, W. L.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, v14 n3 p236-246 Sep 2008
This study examined three visual strategies for timing the initiation of the landing flare based on perceptions of either: (a) a critical height above ground level; (b) a critical runway width angle ([psi]); or (c) a critical time-to-contact (TTC) with the runway. Visual displays simulated landing approaches with trial-to-trial variations in glideslope, lighting, and scene detail. Twenty-four participants (8 private pilots, 8 student pilots, and 8 nonpilots) were instructed to initiate the flare when they perceived that their TTC with the runway (30 m wide by 840 m long) had reached a critical value of 2 seconds. Our results demonstrated a significant effect of flight experience on flare timing accuracy and dominance of the height-based strategy over the runway-width-angle and TTC-based strategies. (Contains 4 tables, 9 figures, and 1 footnote.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia