ERIC Number: EJ810938
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
Peas in a Pod: Biases in the Measurement of Sibling Temperament?
Majdandzic, Mirjana; van den Boom, Dymphna C.; Heesbeen, Daniella G. M.
Developmental Psychology, v44 n5 p1354-1368 Sep 2008
The authors of the present study addressed the measurement of temperament by examining the convergence between observational and questionnaire measures and the occurrence of contrast effects in parental ratings of nontwin siblings on the Children's Behavior Questionnaire. Fathers', mothers', and observers' ratings of 94 early-school-age sibling pairs were obtained longitudinally such that siblings were rated at the same time and when they were the same ages. Convergence between laboratory observations and questionnaires was generally modest to moderate for shyness and activity level; low to modest for positive emotionality, fear, and interest; and low for anger and sadness. We found some evidence of contrast effects for activity level and fathers' ratings of shyness and of assimilation effects for anger and sadness. The results highlight the complexity of measuring temperament and suggest that rater biases should be evaluated according to the measurement instrument used. (Contains 7 tables and 2 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Shyness, Siblings, Personality, Measurement, Fathers, Psychological Patterns, Observation, Questionnaires, Social Integration, Children, Child Development, Behavior Development, Bias, Foreign Countries, Indo European Languages
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands