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ERIC Number: EJ810776
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-1525-0008
The Cat Is out of the Bag: The Joint Influence of Previous Experience and Looking Behavior on Infant Categorization
Kovack-Lesh, Kristine A.; Horst, Jessica S.; Oakes, Lisa M.
Infancy, v13 n4 p285-307 Jul 2008
We examined the effect of 4-month-old infants' previous experience with dogs, cats, or both and their online looking behavior on their learning of the adult-defined category of "cat" in a visual familiarization task. Four-month-old infants' (N = 123) learning in the laboratory was jointly determined by whether or not they had experience with pets at home and how much they shifted their gaze back and forth between the stimuli during familiarization. Specifically, only infants with pets at home who also exhibited high levels of switching during familiarization remembered the individual cat exemplars or formed a summary representation of those cats. These results are consistent with recent theorizing about the processes of how infants' categorical representations are formed, and provide new understanding into how infants' categorization unfolds over time. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California