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ERIC Number: EJ810759
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 95
ISSN: ISSN-1525-0008
Girls Most of the Time, Boys Some of the Time: Gender Differences in Toddlers' Use of Maternal Proximity and Comfort Seeking
Buss, Kristin A.; Brooker, Rebecca J.; Leuty, Melanie
Infancy, v13 n1 p1-29 Jan 2008
How children experience, express, and regulate distress has important implications for adjustment. Factors influencing individual differences in these aspects of affective behavior include temperament, context of situation, and parents, to name a few. Gender differences in the expression of affective behaviors have also been implicated in past research. However, differences are not always found, especially before preschool ages. This study examined the presence of gender differences and moderating influences of gender on the expression of distress and mother-oriented behaviors (e.g., comfort seeking and proximity to mother) in 24-month-old toddlers during a series of situations designed to elicit either fear or frustration. Girls were more likely to seek contact from mother and stay in closer proximity to her compared to boys even after controlling for distress. However, the association between distress and contact seeking or proximity was significant for boys but not for girls. The discussion focuses on implications for biological and socialization effects of sex-typed behavior and consequences for adjustment. (Contains 4 tables and 3 figures.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A