ERIC Number: EJ810583
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 150
Emotional Intelligence: New Ability or Eclectic Traits?
Mayer, John D.; Salovey, Peter; Caruso, David R.
American Psychologist, v63 n6 p503-517 Sep 2008
Some individuals have a greater capacity than others to carry out sophisticated information processing about emotions and emotion-relevant stimuli and to use this information as a guide to thinking and behavior. The authors have termed this set of abilities emotional intelligence (EI). Since the introduction of the concept, however, a schism has developed in which some researchers focus on EI as a distinct group of mental abilities, and other researchers instead study an eclectic mix of positive traits such as happiness, self-esteem, and optimism. Clarifying what EI is and is not can help the field by better distinguishing research that is truly pertinent to EI from research that is not. EI--conceptualized as an ability--is an important variable both conceptually and empirically, and it shows incremental validity for predicting socially relevant outcomes. (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
Descriptors: Emotional Intelligence, Personality Traits, Researchers, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Validity, Prediction, Social Cognition, Measurement, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A