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ERIC Number: EJ810521
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
ISSN: ISSN-0305-4985
Knowledge, Skills, Competence: European Divergences in Vocational Education and Training (VET)--The English, German and Dutch Cases
Brockmann, Michaela; Clarke, Linda; Winch, Christopher
Oxford Review of Education, v34 n5 p547-567 Oct 2008
Policy debates on employability, lifelong learning and competence-based approaches suggest a convergence of VET approaches across European countries. Against the background of the creation of a European Qualifications Framework, this paper compares the VET systems of England, Germany and The Netherlands. The analysis reveals the distinct understandings and meanings of outwardly similar terms. These meanings are deeply rooted in the countries' institutional structures and labour processes and still inform national debates and policies today. The paper identifies a major distinction between a "knowledge-based" VET model in Germany and The Netherlands and a "skills-based" model in England. There is a need to develop trans-national categories that take into account the social construction of terms such as "skills" and "qualifications". (Contains 1 note.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; Netherlands; United Kingdom (England)