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ERIC Number: EJ810039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1350-293X
New Developments
Lohmander, Maelis Karlsson, Ed.; Rabusicova, Milada; Einarsdottir, Johanna
European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, v16 n3 p385-394 Sep 2008
The development of early childhood education (ECE) in Europe and beyond is inextricably linked with women's roles and power in society. Towards the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century in a context of urbanisation and industrialisation the need for some sort of public childcare became apparent in many countries. Whereas middle class women were not supposed to work outside the home, single mothers and poor mothers did not have a choice. They were obliged to work. A common response to the needs of these mothers was the creation of various kinds of day care centres or creches opened to cater for poor children who in the cities were left unattended while their mothers were working as an alternative to foster homes. The early institutions were often organised and run by unmarried middle class women, who thought of their work as a charitable mission sprung from an inner calling and so they became the first "early childhood professionals". This article discusses new developments of ECE in the Czech Republic and Iceland. (Contains 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic; Iceland