ERIC Number: EJ809769
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
Collaborative Learning and Positive Experiences: Does Letting Students Choose Their Own Groups Matter?
Ciani, Keith D.; Summers, Jessica J.; Easter, Matthew A.; Sheldon, Kennon M.
Educational Psychology, v28 n6 p627-641 Oct 2008
This study used self-determination theory as a framework to examine the relationship between choice regarding group membership and student motivation within classrooms that use collaborative learning as an instructional tool. Data were collected from over 500 students across seven classrooms from a large university in the Midwestern United States. In three of the seven classrooms, students were allowed to choose with whom they worked; in the remaining four classes the professor formed the groups. Using hierarchical linear modelling, the choice condition was a positive and significant predictor of students' intrinsic motivation and classroom community, even when accounting for autonomy support and class size. The practical implications of affording choice during collaborative learning are discussed. (Contains 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Group Membership, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Cooperative Learning, Student Participation, Self Determination, College Students, Predictor Variables, Classroom Environment, Personal Autonomy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A