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ERIC Number: EJ809554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 14
ISSN: ISSN-1556-8180
The Evaluation Market in Germany: Estimating Market Size for Evaluation of Political Programs
Lowenbein, Oded
Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation, v5 n10 p78-88 2008
The United States has a long tradition in evaluation of political programs. In the 1930s and 1940s, programs were initiated to reduce unemployment and improve social security as part of the "New Deal." In the late 1960s, somewhat comparable to the U. S. at that time, Germany's new government started its own "New Deal." Unemployment was modest but the growth of the economy was declining. The German government wanted to implement programs in order to follow a path of steady growth. Since most of the programs were evaluated, a growing market of evaluation could be observed at that time. In this article, the author looks into the size and structure of the evaluation market in Germany. The evaluation market differs from ordinary economic markets in a specific detail. That is, in addition to supply and demand of evaluation services, a powerful third party exists: the evaluation funder. In Germany, both the federal government and the European Council are important funders of political programs and their evaluation. The German states finance political initiatives and their evaluation as well, but the volumes are much less than the funding from the European and federal levels. To explore the volumes of federal and state funded evaluation, the author developed a questionnaire. It contains ten questions including (a) the amount spent on political programs in 2007, (b) the percentage of these programs that were externally evaluated, and (c) the average percentage of the program budget reserved for external evaluation. Analyzing these three components yields the total amount used for evaluation. (Contains 1 table, 7 figures and 7 footnotes.)
Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University. 1903 West Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5237. Tel: 269-387-5906; Fax: 269-387-5923; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany