ERIC Number: EJ809401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
Neighborhood-Level Factors and Youth Violence: Giving Voice to the Perceptions of Prominent Neighborhood Individuals
Yonas, Michael A.; O'Campo, Patricia; Burke, Jessica G.; Gielen, Andrea C.
Health Education & Behavior, v34 n4 p669-685 2007
Youth violence is a significant public health problem. Although the relationship between neighborhood-level factors and urban youth violence is recognized, the specific mechanisms of this relationship are often unclear. Prominent neighborhood individuals were identified within four select low-income urban neighborhoods in Baltimore City. In-depth interviews were conducted to explore these individuals' perceptions of the relationship between social and structural neighborhood-level factors and urban youth violence. Employment opportunities, local businesses, trash management, vacant housing, and street lighting were perceived as important neighborhood factors influencing young people's experiences. The relationship between these neighborhood characteristics and the local illicit drug market and youth violence is highlighted. Results provide an enhanced understanding of the importance of using a participatory-based research approach and the mechanisms of the relationship between neighborhood-level factors and youth violence. Both are critical components in designing and implementing multilevel youth violence prevention efforts.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Violence, Prevention, Public Health, Employment Opportunities, Urban Youth, Lighting, Low Income, Interviews, Urban Areas, Drug Use, Housing, Sanitation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maryland