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ERIC Number: EJ808362
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0018-1560
Sense of Coherence and Academic Achievement of Domestic and International Students: A Comparative Analysis
Grayson, J. Paul
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, v56 n4 p473-492 Oct 2008
Traditional models of educational outcomes relate academic achievement to university experiences controlling for background characteristics, like former levels of achievement. In these models, most of the variance in the outcome under consideration is explained not by experiences inside the university but by background characteristics, such as prior levels of academic achievement. In many instances the contribution of institutional experiences to outcomes under consideration is small. To date, researchers have not included sense of coherence (SOC) among background characteristics. In the current study traditional models are modified to include SOC as a possible contributor to first year academic achievement among domestic and international students with English and other first languages at four Canadian universities. It is found that a model including SOC better fits data for commuter and residence students than a model in which SOC is omitted. Although the effect of SOC on first year academic achievement is small, it is larger than the effects of some institutional experiences. As a result, SOC should be included in attempts to explain first year academic achievement.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada