ERIC Number: EJ808212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
It's Hard to Get from Here to There: Early Intervention for Rural Young Children in Arkansas
Marsh, Carolyn; Casey, Patrick H.
Zero to Three, v26 n4 p37-42 Mar 2006
The Kids First program at the University of Arkansas Medical School (UAMS) is an outgrowth of the Infant Health and Development Program, a randomized trial of an early intervention approach for premature, low birth weight children, which showed that intensive intervention had significant initial benefits in the cognitive development and behavior of these children, particularly for those in undereducated and poor families. When the UAMS decided to expand the Kids First network of early intervention centers, it considered four key indicators of child well-being in determining where to establish new sites: (1) the local rates of low birth weight; (2) low maternal education; (3) children living in poverty; and (4) special education placements. Kids First services can include nursing; speech, occupational, and physical therapy; and nutritional intervention, along with the daily classroom educational interventions. Interdisciplinary teams work with parents. Core developmental services address cognitive, gross and fine motor, language, social-emotional, and self-help domains of development. UAMS has resources that are not available to many rural early intervention programs--for example, the ability to offer above-average salaries to professionals and paraprofessionals, and access to high-speed Internet and e-mail connections. The authors recommend even more extensive use of technology in rural areas, including: (1) the use of video conferencing for professional development of staff members located in rural areas; (2) sending residents in pediatrics, community, and preventive medicine, and other specialties to local centers; and (3) continuing medical education in rural communities for Kids First referring physicians.
Descriptors: Medical Schools, Child Development, Interdisciplinary Approach, Parent Participation, Teamwork, Developmental Stages, Cognitive Development, Psychomotor Skills, Language Acquisition, Social Development, Emotional Development, Body Weight, Early Intervention, Health Promotion, Preventive Medicine, Pediatrics, Young Children, Rural Areas, Child Health, Well Being, Wellness, Parent Influence, Mothers, Educational Attainment, Poverty, Premature Infants, Special Education, Special Needs Students, Speech Language Pathology, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Medical Education, Information Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas