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ERIC Number: EJ807345
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-1056-7879
Turkey Bridging Eastern and Western Civilizations and Education in the 21st Century
Duruhan, Kemal
International Journal of Educational Reform, v16 n2 p190-202 Spr 2007
History has always witnessed the confrontation and differentiation of the East and the West and sometimes that of North and South, as in the rare examples of Africa, America, and Korea. Sometimes, this struggle occurred between classes or religions, and sometimes it occurred between nations. In this article, the author discusses how Turkey has changed over time its course of civilization from Far Eastern tribal lifestyle to Eastern civilization of the Ottoman Empire and finally to Western civilization of the Republic of Turkey. The young Turkish Republic was indeed one of the most noteworthy examples that could, with the undeniable help of its geography, break the hegemony of Eastern and Ottoman resistance for Westernization. It did so, however, without giving up its cultural identity, given that it was aware of the fact that civilization was universal but culture was national and could so coexist. The author also observes that Turkey is now as powerful a state as to realize successive developments. The country's surface and underground resources and its young population guarantee this. However, to realize this development attack and jump, at first the country has to free its education system from perennialist and essentialist education approaches and free its schools from their current position as places solely considered parts of bureaucratic constructions and the performer of the duty of training civil servants for state offices.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ottoman Empire; Turkey