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ERIC Number: EJ806130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-0313-7155
Validation of the "Chinese Language Classroom Learning Environment Inventory" for Investigating the Nature of Chinese Language Classrooms
Lian, Chua Siew; Wong, Angela F. L.; Der-Thanq, Victor Chen
Issues in Educational Research, v16 n2 p139-151 2006
The Chinese Language Classroom Environment Inventory (CLCEI) is a bilingual instrument developed for use in measuring students' and teachers' perceptions toward their Chinese Language classroom learning environments in Singapore secondary schools. The English version of the CLCEI was customised from the English version of the "What is happening in this class? (WIHIC)" questionnaire (Fraser, Fisher, & McRobbie, 1996) and its Chinese version was modified from the Taiwanese Chinese version of the WIHIC questionnaire (Huang & Fraser, 1997). The CLCEI consists of six 8-item scales examining 6 different dimensions of the Chinese language classroom learning environments, namely, "Student Cohesiveness, Teacher Support, Involvement, Cooperation, Task Orientation and Equity". It was validated with a sample of 1460 secondary three (grade 9) students from 50 express stream (above average academic ability) classes in 25 secondary schools in Singapore. Various statistical procedures were undertaken to examine the factor structure, validity and reliability of the scales of the CLCEI. The validation results indicated that each of the scales exhibited high internal consistency reliability and satisfactory discriminant and factorial validity. The validation results also indicated that each scale of the CLCEI had the ability to differentiate between perceptions of students from different Chinese language classes. (Contains 4 tables.)
Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc. 5/202 Coode Street, Como, Western Australia 6152, Australia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Constructivist Learning Environment Survey; Learning Environment Inventory; Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction; Classroom Environment Scale