ERIC Number: EJ805835
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
What Is the Role of Working Memory in Reading Relative to the Big Three Processing Variables (Orthography, Phonology, and Rapid Naming)?
McCallum, R. Steve; Bell, Sherry Mee; Wood, Margaret Scruggs; Below, Jaime L.; Choate, Stephani M.; McCane, Sara J.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v24 n3 p243-259 2006
Zero-order correlation coefficients show significant relationships between orthography, phonology, rapid naming, visual and auditory memory, and reading and spelling for 143 second through sixth graders. Although coefficients ranged from 0.05 to 0.71, most were statistically significant (65 out of 78). In addition, multiple regression analyses show the power of short-term memory to contribute to the prediction of reading decoding and reading fluency (p less than 0.05) beyond the power of the "big three" cognitive processing variables (phonology, rapid naming, and orthography). (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading, Correlation, Written Language, Phonology, Language Processing, Spelling, Decoding (Reading), Reading Fluency, Dyslexia, Reading Comprehension
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A