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ERIC Number: EJ805574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1554-4893
An Evaluation of Multiple Dependent Variables across Distinct Classes of Antecedent Stimuli Pre and Post Functional Communication Training
Berg, Wendy K.; Wacker, David P.; Harding, Jay W.; Ganzer, Jed; Barretto, Anjali
Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, v3 n4-v4 n1 p305-333 2007
Functional analyses of problem behavior for 4 young boys with developmental delays showed that problem behaviors were maintained by both negative and positive reinforcement. Functional communication training was conducted with one set of training stimuli in which the child's mother presented a work task in the family living room. Pretreatment probes were conducted with up to 10 sets of generalization stimuli that varied across tasks, settings, and people. Post treatment probes were conducted across the same generalization stimulus sets. Results for four dependent variables (problem behavior, task completion, manding, and social interactions) indicated that (a) problem behavior occurred across some but not all generalization stimulus sets during pretreatment; (b) following training, reductions of 90% or greater were observed within the context of the training stimuli; (c) reductions in problem behavior were observed for 70% of the post treatment generalization stimulus sets, but the reductions were not as large (M = 61%) as those observed with the training stimuli; and (d) the most consistent change observed during post treatment probes of generalization stimulus sets was increased task completion. Parents of all participants completed a behavior rating form and reported reductions in problem behavior across activities. (Contains 2 tables and 11 figures.)
Joseph Cautilli, Ph.D. & The Behavior Analyst Online Organization. 535 Queen Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147-3220. Tel: 215-462-6737; Web site: http://www.baojournal.com/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A