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ERIC Number: EJ805337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0094-730X
Disfluency Data of German Preschool Children Who Stutter and Comparison Children
Natke, Ulrich; Sandrieser, Patricia; Pietrowsky, Reinhard; Kalveram, Karl Theodor
Journal of Fluency Disorders, v31 n3 p165-176 2006
This study compared the disfluencies of German-speaking preschool children who stutter (CWS, N=24) with those produced by age- and sex-matched comparison children who do not stutter (CWNS, N=24). In accordance with Yairi and Ambrose's [Yairi, E., & Ambrose, N. (1992). A longitudinal study of stuttering in children: A preliminary report. "Journal of Speech and Hearing Research", 35, 755-760] guidelines the CWS group had a narrow age range (2-5 years) and were seen close to the reported time of their stuttering onset (average of 8 months). Furthermore, over 95% of the CWS group had not received any type of speech therapy intervention. Consistent with previous findings for English-speaking preschool children, "stuttering-like" disfluencies (prolongations, blocks, part- and one-syllable word repetitions) were significantly more frequent in CWS (mean=9.2%) than in CWNS (mean=1.2%), whereas no significant group differences occurred with respect to 'normal' disfluencies. The number of iterations in stuttering-like disfluencies was also significantly higher in CWS (mean=1.28 iterations) than in CWNS (mean=1.09 iterations). In contrast to previous findings, a sub-group of children who have been stuttering for a shorter time (1-5 months) did not differ from a sub-group who had stuttered for a longer period (8-22 months). Educational objectives: The reader will be able to: (1) describe how German-speaking preschool children who stutter and who do not stutter display stuttering-like and normal disfluencies including number of iterations; (2) explain how powerful classification measures for the diagnosis of stuttering are for German-speaking preschool children; (3) discuss how disfluency patterns of native English- and German-speaking children close to onset of stuttering differ. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany