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ERIC Number: EJ805187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-1362-1688
Exploring the Relationship between Characteristics of Recasts and Learner Uptake
Sheen, Younghee
Language Teaching Research, v10 n3 p361-392 2006
This study presents a taxonomy of the recasts that arose in communicative ESL and EFL classrooms. The taxonomy is used to examine the relationship between different characteristics of recasts and learner uptake/repair. Characteristics that were significantly related to uptake were the length of recasts (short vs. long), the linguistic focus (pronunciation vs. grammar), the type of change (substitution vs. addition). Also, these features--along with mode (declarative vs. interrogative), the use of reduction (partial recasts) and the number of changes (one vs. multiple)--were associated with learner repair. These results are discussed in terms of a general distinction between implicit and explicit recasts and the extent to which recasts are salient to learners linguistically and pragmatically. The study suggests that explicit recasts lead to more uptake/repair because they are focused on a single linguistic feature and the reformulated item is salient to learners. (Contains 4 tables and 2 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A