ERIC Number: EJ805155
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 11
Gaps in Research and Public Policies
Belanger, Kathleen; Green, Deborah K.; Bullard, Lloyd B.
Child Welfare, v87 n2 p359-367 2008
The involvement of children of color in child welfare has a mixed history. Earlier research has revealed that there was an underrepresentation of minority children in the 19th century. It only grew during the 1970s and 1980s. It should be noted that the widespread concern about disproportionality is not mainly about the disproportionate numbers of minority children in child welfare, but more importantly, about their inequitable treatment and outcomes, compared to nonminority children. In this article, the authors address two concerns about racial and ethnic disproportionality: gaps in research and gaps in public policies. Three gaps in research on disproportionality will be discussed: (1) causal analyses, (2) research on kinship care, and (3) few systematic evaluations of promising practices. The authors also address three shortcomings in public policies that contribute to disproportionality: (a) overemphasis on child removal, (b) limited services to kin caregivers, and (c) inadequate funding to assist states and counties interested in reducing disproportionality in their locales.
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Disproportionate Representation, Child Caregivers, Minority Group Children, History, Public Policy, Social Science Research, Adoption, Foster Care, Federal Aid
Child Welfare League of America. P.O. Box 932831, Atlanta, GA 31193-2831. Tel: 800-407-6273; Tel: 770-280-4164; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cwla.org/pubs
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A