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ERIC Number: EJ804966
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 47
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0285
Response Grouping in the Psychological Refractory Period (PRP) Paradigm: Models and Contamination Effects
Ulrich, Rolf; Miller, Jeff
Cognitive Psychology, v57 n2 p75-121 Sep 2008
Response grouping is a ubiquitous phenomenon in psychological refractory period (PRP) tasks, yet it hampers the analysis of dual-task performance. To account for response grouping, we developed several extended versions of the standard bottleneck model, each of which incorporates a possible grouping mechanism into this model. Computer simulations were used to assess how the predictions of the standard model would change with each grouping mechanism. One set of simulations investigated the basic effects of grouping on the means and intercorrelation of the reaction times in the two tasks, as well as the percentage of trials with short interresponse times ("IRTs"). A second set of simulations examined whether response grouping would invalidate the use of PRP paradigms for localizing experimental effects. Finally, we investigated whether the post-hoc elimination of trials with short "IRTs" removes the contaminating effects of response grouping. (Contains 23 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A