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ERIC Number: EJ804751
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 68
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
The Soviet College Student in the First Half of the 1920s: Characteristics of Self-Presentation
Andreev, D. A.
Russian Education and Society, v50 n6 p77-90 Jun 2008
Just after the 1917 Revolution, the Soviet regime undertook to reorganize higher education in the spirit of the communist ideology. Among numerous measures, great importance was attached to changing the social composition of students in favor of those of blue-collar and peasant origin. Since the majority of college students in the early 1920s came from families of the nobility and the merchant class, it was decided to correct the situation by conducting periodic social and academic checks, a process that went by the name of "purges." This study has been based on the materials from a number of these checks--"purges" of "rabfaks" [workers' courses designed to prepare blue-collar workers to enroll in a higher educational institution] in 1922, and also in higher educational institutions and "rabfaks" in 1924 and 1925. After a student was expelled by the local commission that was functioning in every institution of higher learning where a "check" was carried out, he could submit an appeal to a higher-level authority, the Central Commission. Appeals submitted by the students who had been expelled basically represented a last chance for them to justify themselves and be reinstated in the institution. The purpose of this study is to determine the key stories that the students emphasized in their statements of appeal to the authorities. Since the objective of their complaints was to justify themselves, the choice of any particular story can mean that the student is aware of its appropriateness and value. The study of their appeal statements makes it possible to single out the characteristics of the students' self-presentation in these documents, specifically to determine the qualitative characteristics that, in the opinion of the authors of the complaints themselves, were acceptable and even essential for Soviet college students in the first half of the 1920s, and the means by which they represented themselves to the authorities. (Contains 5 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR