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ERIC Number: EJ804666
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1470-8175
Expanding the Concepts in Protein Structure-Function Relationships and Enzyme Kinetics: Teaching Using Morpheeins
Lawrence, Sarah H.; Jaffe, Eileen K.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, v36 n4 p274-283 Jul-Aug 2008
A morpheein is a homo-oligomeric protein that can exist as an ensemble of physiologically significant and functionally distinct alternate quaternary assemblies. Morpheeins exist in nature and use conformational equilibria between different tertiary structures to form distinct oligomers as a means of regulating their function. Notably, alternate morpheein forms are not misfolded forms of a protein; they are differently assembled native states that contain alternate subunit conformations. Transitions between alternate morpheein assemblies involve oligomer dissociation, conformational change in the dissociated state, and reassembly to a different oligomer. These transitions occur in response to the protein's environment, for example, effector molecules, and represent a new model of allosteric regulation. The unique features of morpheeins are being revealed through detailed characterization of the prototype enzyme, porphobilinogen synthase, which exists in a dynamic equilibrium of a high activity octamer, a low activity hexamer, and two dimer conformations. Morpheeins are likely far more common than previously appreciated. There are, however, both intellectual and experimental barriers to recognizing proteins as morpheeins. These barriers derive from the way we were taught and continue to teach about protein folding, protein purification, protein structure-function relationships, and enzyme kinetics. This article explores some of these limitations and encourages incorporation of morpheeins into both introductory and advanced biochemistry classes. (Contains 7 figures.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Subscription Department, 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail: subinfo@wiley.com; Web site: https://secure.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/112782101
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A