ERIC Number: EJ804530
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Judging Pain Intensity in Children with Autism Undergoing Venepuncture: The Influence of Facial Activity
Messmer, Rosemary L.; Nader, Rami; Craig, Kenneth D.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n7 p1391-1394 Aug 2008
The biasing effect of pain sensitivity information and the impact of facial activity on observers' judgments of pain intensity of children with autism were examined. Observers received information that pain experience in children with autism is either the same as, more intense than, or less intense than children without autism. After viewing six video clips of children with autism undergoing venepuncture, observers estimated pain intensity using a visual analogue scale. Facial activity as coded by Chambers et al. (Child Facial Action Coding System Revised Manual, 1996) had a significant impact on observers' estimates of pain intensity; pain sensitivity information did not. These results have important implications for the assessment and management of pain in children with autism.
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Pain, Nonverbal Communication, Observation, Bias, Evaluative Thinking
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A