ERIC Number: EJ804481
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
Applying the Theory of Work Adjustment to Clients with Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa
Withrow, Rebecca L.; Shoffner, Marie F.
Journal of Career Development, v32 n4 p366-377 2006
As women have gained entry and status in the workforce over the past century, societal focus on female beauty and thinness has intensified, and rates of eating disorders have risen. In tandem with these trends, many career women have come to associate success at work with the ability to maintain strict control over body weight. This control becomes life-threatening, however, to the individual who develops symptoms of anorexia nervosa. This article uses Dawis and Lofquist's theory of work adjustment (TWA) as a way to conceptualize the precarious person-environment correspondence sometimes achieved by women with anorexic symptoms in their work environments. Practical suggestions, based in TWA and cognitive-behavioral theory, are suggested for career counselors working with these clients.
Descriptors: Body Weight, Females, Eating Disorders, Vocational Adjustment, Counselors, Career Counseling, Adjustment (to Environment), Employed Women, Work Environment, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Behavior Theories, Epistemology, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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