ERIC Number: EJ804461
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Effects of LifeSkills Training on Medical Students' Performance in Dealing with Complex Clinical Cases
Campo, Ana E.; Williams, Virginia; Williams, Redford B.; Segundo, Marisol A.; Lydston, David; Weiss, Stephen M.'
Academic Psychiatry, v32 n3 p188-193 May 2008
Objective: Sound clinical judgment is the cornerstone of medical practice and begins early during medical education. The authors consider the effect of personality characteristics (hostility, anger, cynicism) on clinical judgment and whether a brief intervention can affect this process. Methods: Two sophomore medical classes (experimental, comparison) were assessed on several personality dimensions and responded to a series of clinical vignettes. The experimental group received cognitive behavior training to improve stress, coping, and interpersonal skills. Participants were reassessed within 1 week of the initial assessment. Results: Significant associations between hostility and cynicism and maladaptive responses to the clinical vignettes were noted. Following the intervention, hostility, cynicism, anger, and aggression were significantly reduced, with concomitant reductions in maladaptive decision-making. Conclusion: The relationship between the quality of clinical decision-making and personality characteristics was confirmed. The potential to modify this relationship using a brief cognitive behavior intervention suggests that such interventions should be an essential component of medical education.
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Medical Education, Medical Students, Intervention, Medical Evaluation, Personality, Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Decision Making Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A