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ERIC Number: EJ804439
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0273-4753
Conceptual and Statistical Problems of Using Between-Class Data in Educational Research
Clayson, Dennis E.
Journal of Marketing Education, v29 n1 p34-38 2007
This article looks at the methodological problems created by incorrectly using between-class data when looking at effects generated by individual students. The grade/evaluation association found in the student evaluation of teaching was used as a case example. A theoretical framework to understand the contributions to the relationship by both between-class data (leniency) and within-class data (reciprocity) was created that shows how the two are confounded when looking only at between-class effects. The findings suggest that within-class data is the appropriate starting point when investigating associational problems with either within-or between-case data. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A