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ERIC Number: EJ804085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Nov
Pages: 17
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 58
ISSN: ISSN-1525-1810
Using Seclusion Timeout and Physical Restraint: An Analysis of State Policy, Research, and the Law
Rozalski, Michael E.; Yell, Mitchell L.; Boreson, Lynn A.
Journal of Special Education Leadership, v19 n2 p13-29 Nov 2006
Seclusion timeout and physical restraint are aversive procedures designed to reduce or eliminate students' serious problem behavior. Using these procedures with students in special education has become commonplace in the last decade. Nevertheless, both seclusion timeout and physical restraint procedures have been, and continue to be, quite controversial. Typically, professionals who use these procedures assert that they are sometimes needed to safely manage dangerous student behaviors. On the other hand, many opponents of the procedures argue that seclusion timeout and physical restraint are used far too often in public school settings; they contend these interventions have no place in schools. Specifically, opponents argue that seclusion timeout unnecessarily removes students from the classroom and denies them a fundamental right to an education, and physical restraint may lead to serious student injuries when used inappropriately. This difference in opinion has resulted in a number of lawsuits and due process hearings. In this article, the authors define the procedures, offer research-based guidelines, highlight state policy, and explain the legal issues that are often raised in the litigation on seclusion timeout and physical restraint. They end by offering recommendations that will help schools create new, or modify existing, policies and procedures on seclusion timeout and physical restraint. (Contains 1 table, 2 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
Council of Administrators of Special Education. Fort Valley State University, 1005 State University Drive, Fort Valley, GA 31030. Tel: 478-825-7667; Fax: 478-825-7811; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act