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ERIC Number: EJ804082
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep-4
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Violence and Victimization among Schoolchildren. Bullying: Identification and Intervention Based on the Bull-S Test
Cerezio, Fuensanta
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v4 n2 p333-352 Sep 2006
The report by the Ombudsman on violence in schools--bullying--served to highlight that there are instances of abuse and violent behavior among schoolchildren at the majority of educational institutions (AA.VV., 2000). From contacts with experts in teaching, we know that this phenomenon is frequently only made known to the educational community when, unfortunately, it is too late, i.e. when aggressive behavior and victimization have set in, and with dramatic effects. A number of studies have described bullying as a manifestation of bad interpersonal relations between students (Sutton & Smith, 1999; Ortega, 1994). In an attempt to delve more deeply into this issue, we look at the possible influences of the network of relations within the class, and deliberate to what extent the victim is a victim of not only the attacks of the aggressor but also of the social climate prevailing within the group, which being a closed system excludes the victim and gives importance to the aggressor (Cerezo, Calvo & Sanchez, 2004). Since the earliest research, we have sought techniques for prompt detection of bullying which also serve as a basis for the development of intervention programs. We proposed the design of the Bull test as a tool to inform on the social and affective reality of the class group and on the involvement of its members in bullying. It would also point to some characteristics--personal, social interaction--of the students in the group. The Bull-S Test for assessment of aggression levels among school pupils (Cerezo 2000), is a valid tool to detect, measure and assess instances of aggression among school children. Based on Sociometric methodology and using peer nomination, it analyses the internal structure of the classroom under the following criteria: acceptance-rejection, aggression-victimization and the appreciation of certain personal characteristics that may be associated with those pupils directly involved. The test has three aims: (a) to facilitate analysis of socio-affective characteristics of the peer group; (b) to help teachers detect situations of abuse among pupils; and(c) based on results, to further develop intervention proposals. This paper summarizes the characteristics of the tool and its applicability. It includes an intervention proposal for a group of students, drawn up on the basis of the analysis of the Bull-S test.
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Primary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain