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ERIC Number: EJ803980
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0211-2159
Semantic Priming Effects with and without Perceptual Awareness
Ortells, Juan J.; Vellido, Concepcion; Daza, Maria Teresa; Noguera, Carmen
Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, v27 n2 p225-242 2006
The present research was aimed to reply and extend several recent findings showing qualitatively different behavioral effects produced by words perceived with vs. without awareness. Participants made a semantic categorization task on a target that was preceded by a prime word belonging either to the same (20% of trials) or to a different category (80%). The prime was always presented briefly and followed either immediately or after a delay by a pattern mask. In contrast to prior studies, the masking type varied randomly from trial to trial. For trials with an immediate mask (which avoided conscious identification of the prime), a significant facilitatory semantic priming was found. For trials with a delayed mask (on which participants were able to identify the prime), a significant "reversed" semantic priming was observed. The present findings provide further evidence that perceiving a stimulus with or without awareness can lead to qualitatively different behavioral consequences, which reflect the contribution of strategy-based (controlled) and automatic components, respectively. (Contains 1 figure, 1 table, and 4 footnotes.)
University of Valencia. Dept. Metodologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Avda. Blasco Ibanez 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel: +34-96-386-4100; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A